makes 18th-century reproductions in Connecticut. He is also studying furnirure comervation at the Smithsonian.

which is why some woodworkers eschew clamps and make "rub joints"

________ _______0 the two surfaces together to form a cack bond. I do use clamps on edge joints and for other structural joints, and I clamp or weight veneered surfaces.

For best results, your shop should be 65*F to 70*F. At lower temperatures, the glue will set to a jelly before it has a chance to form the initial "tack" bond— so it won't adhere right. The air should also be fairly dry; high humidity can alter glue consistency and affect adhesion.

If your shop is below 65°F, it's a good idea to warm the wood surfaces beforehand. Store your parts in a heated area before you move them to the shop for or use heat lamps or large flood-to warm the wood onsite. (See above.) You can even use a heat gun on smaller parts—but only heat the wood until it's warm to the touch.

Since glue-up goes fast with hide glue, it's best to break a large project into smaller assemblies, unless you have sev-

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