Knuckle

This First Cousin to French Polish Is Great for Restoring Old Finishes adding lacquer, or French finish as it's sometimes called, is a modern form of French polish. It'll give you a finish that's almost identical to French polish, but it's much easier to apply. Like French polish, padding lacquer is made from shellac, with alcohol as a solvent. But despite its name, there's little or no lacquer in it. It can be used as an original finish on a new piece, but I believe its best use is to renew an...

Back Stile

Bet joint that I developed especially for casework. Whether screwed or glued together, this joint has proven to be strong. I cut the joint with a router, with the help of some shop-built fixtures. (See sidebar, page 23.) The cabinet has a back frame but no back panels. (See Fig. I.) I think the view through the glass doors to a flat, off-white wall in back lends an air of lightness. If you don't agree, it's an easy matter to add panels in the back frame. The real design highlight is the...

Word From The Editor

Vintage woodworking machinery fascinates mc. Towering handsaws with spiraling spokes, jointers as wide as a carrier deck, tablesaws powered by pedals and treadles and cranks. America was in love with machines in those days, and it showed in the way thev were made. The curve of a casting where straight would have done, the pinstripes that jazzed up a plain coat of paint little touches that made these machines as graceful as any sculpture. The stark simplicity of these old machines is striking....

Toolbox

If hand tools are your bag, check out the Radi-plane. This solid-walnut tool puts a clean 45 chamfer on both long grain and end grain. The chamfer size is adjustable from ' i6-in. to ' . -in. wide. The adjustable cut ters can cut a smooth chamfer in one pass no need to sand. Makes the cut faster than vou can sav Router. Price Radi-plane with hex key, 21.50 replacement cutters pair , 6.95 RJS Custom Woodworking, Dept. AWT, P.O. Box 12354, Kansas Citv, KS 66112. 800- 735-2181. emeu mo gt ok oeam...

Sources

Chip Carving

IL 60068, 708-692-2822. CONSTANTINE'S, 2057 Eastchester Rd., Bronx, NY 10461,212-792-1600. GARRETT WADE, 161 Ave. of the Americas, New York City, NY 10013, 800-221-2942. WOODCRAFT, Dept. AW, Wood County Park 210, P.O. Box 1686, Parkersburg, WV 26101, 800-225-1153 For a free catalog of books on type and other graphic arts subjects write to Dover Publications. Inc., 180 Varick St., New York City, NY 10014. SWISS CABINETRY, N2571 Coplien Rd., Monroe. WI53566, 608-325-6681. 4...

Letter Spacing Guidelines

Chip Carving Circle

The space between letters should be one-half the width of the widest part of the letter, which is usually the vertical leg. For example, if the vertical leg in a Roman H is ' -in. wide, the letters of this particular word would be spaced ' in. apart. The space between words should be half the height of the capital letter. The space between words at the end of a sentence is the full height of the capital. The space between lines of words should be half the height of the capital. For example, if...

Vary Spacing

Letters look better when V and A are closer. letters is always the same. Artistic spacing allows those letters that do not inherently fit well together to be moved to one side or the other, so they are visually compatible with all the other letters in a word. Typographers refer to the manipulation of space between letters as kerning . For example, the letters A and V in Roman caps leave a notable gap when mechanically spaced. Try it on a typewriter. The two letters are far more pleasing when...

Pendulum

STEP 2 Switch to overlapping pattern like one of these. Keep pad moving until it's dry and surface is shiny. STEP 1 Start padding with serpentine pattern of non-overlapping strokes. Rub th pad over the entire surface with large circular strokes. When you see streaks, or rag tracks, increase your speed and pressure. When the pad is totally dry, the streaks should be gone, leaving a beautiful shine. fc 5 IK . - When the pad is totally dry, the streaks should be gone, leaving a beautiful shine....