Letter Spacing Guidelines

• The space between letters should be one-half the width of the widest part of the letter, which is usually the vertical leg. For example, if the vertical leg in a Roman H is '/«-in. wide, the letters of this particular word would be spaced '/« in. apart.

• The space between words should be half the height of the capital letter.

• The space between words at the end of a sentence is the full height of the capital.

• The space between lines of words should be half the height of the capital. For example, if the capital is 1 xh in. tall, the top of the capitals on the next line will be 3/« in. below the bottom of the first line.

Cawing the Letters

You'll find it best to sit with the work in your lap. In this way you can turn the work so that you can always draw the knife toward you as you carvc.

To hold the cutting knife, place the first knuckle of your thumb at the blade end of the handle, and wrap your fingers around the handle. Let your thumb and the knuckle of your index finger ride on the wood to support the knife as you make a cut, as shown in the photos. This assures that you'll have complete control of the knife. By keeping your thumb against the handle, you lock the angle of the blade at 65° to the surface of the wood. It feels awkward at first, but you'll get used to it. The main things to remember are that the blade should always cut at a 65° angle to the surface of

Chip Carving Circle

Turn work so you can draw knife toward you for every cut.

Make stop cuts first

FIG. 2: MAKING THE CUTS

Turn work so you can draw knife toward you for every cut.

Make stop cuts first

Stand blade more around curves.

Cut full circle.

Start on diagonal of grain.

Make cuts away from completed cuts whenever possible.

When two cuts meet at the bottom, the chip will pop oat If not, you aren't cutting deep enough.

The blade of the knife should always cut at a 65° angle.

the wood, as shown in the drawing, and that you should move vour hand and the knife as one. Bv turn-

ing your can ing after each cut, you'll be able to continue to make all the cuts properly by drawing the blade toward you.

When carving, cut on the lines you've drawn, and go for the whole chip at once. Don't try to shave or whittle your way into the design. A single, clean cut is best. When two cuts meet at the bottom, the chip will pop

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