Sources

Klotzli chip-carving knives:

ALPINE SCHOOL OF WOODCARVING, 225

Vine Ave., Park Ridge. IL 60068, 708-692-2822.

CONSTANTINE'S, 2057 Eastchester Rd., Bronx, NY 10461,212-792-1600.

GARRETT WADE, 161 Ave. of the Americas, New York City, NY 10013, 800-221-2942.

WOODCRAFT, Dept. AW, Wood County Park #210, P.O. Box 1686, Parkersburg, WV 26101, 800-225-1153

Type books:

For a free catalog of books on type and other graphic arts subjects write to: Dover Publications. Inc., 180 Varick St., New York City, NY 10014.

SWISS CABINETRY, N2571 Coplien Rd., Monroe. WI53566, 608-325-6681. (4/4, 5/4, 8/4 in stock—will resaw thinner boards to order.

Chip-carving books:

Chip Carving Patterns, bv Wayne Barton (1990, Sterling Publishing Co. Inc., 387 Park Ave. South, New York City, NY 10016).

Chip Carving, Techniques & Patterns, bv Wayne Barton (1984, Sterling Publishing Co.,"Inc.), available from Garrett Wade.

out. If it doesn't, you're not cutting deep enough. But don't go too deep. Insert the blade only as deep as ne-cesssarv to remove the chips. Cutting deeper means you're working harder than you have to and may also result in breakouts and splitting. Because the knife always cuts at a 65c angle, wider parts of the letter will be deeper than narrower parts.

The order and direction of cuts is important. To avoid breaking out bits of wood, try to make each new cut away from the chips that you've already removed. This will help to prevent breakouts and splitting. When carving a straight-legged letter such as an A, H, or K; or a curved letter with serifs such as a C, G, or S, make the end cuts, or stop cuts, first. (See drawing.) After making the stop cuts (or if you're carving a letter that doesn't require any stop cuts), remove the larger sections or chips. The drawings show the sequence and direction of cuts for the letters I'm can ing in the photos—B A R T O N. If you're left handed, as I am. the order of cuts will be a mirror image of those shown in the drawing. In other words, if you're left handed, cut the left leg of the "A" first, instead of the right leg. as shown in the drawing.

When making a curved cut, hold the blade more upright relative to the direction of cut —that is, perpendicular to the wood—while maintaining the 65° cutting angle to the side. The tighter the curve, the more upright the blade should be. This prevents the blade from chattering while going around curves or corners and produces a clean, smooth cut. For making curved cuts, I find it helpful to start the cut with mv elbow away from my body, sweeping it in against my body as I make the cut.

With a little bit of practice you'll find letter carving quite simple and a lot of fun. Adding this form of caning to your repertoire will not only extend your carving capabilities but will surely provide a new vista from which to view all your caning. I wish you the best of luck. A

Chip Carving Patterns

Wayne Barton is a professional woodcanvr w ho trained in Brioiz. Switzerland. He teaches chip car\>ing at the Alpine School of Woodcaning in Park Ridge, Illinois. He wrote about chip carving in the May/Jtine, 1988 AW, and is author of two books on chip carving. (See Sources.}

Chip-carving video:

Chip Carx'htg with Wayne Barton (1988, Taunton Press. Box 355, Newtown. CT 06470, 800-888-8286).

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