W Dia Through Holes

Use two #20 biscuits per lofait

FIG. 1: WINDSOR QUILT RACK

top view

Use a steadyrest to prevent the spindles from whipping and bowing. It's much easier to bore holes for the spindles and dowels Don't clamp them too tightly between the centers, and cut with a very Mare you saw out the arches. Hght pressure.

light could also be so sturdy. He ordered a set of chairs from the bodger and proudly displayed the chairs at the next ducal dinner. His guests admired the bod-ger's work, and soon they were ordering their own "Windsor" chairs.

Whatever the origin of the term, American country craftsmen embraced the Windsor style in the early 18th century and made it their own, making several distinct changes in the traditional English design. They made the seats thicker and deeper, raked the legs at a more pronounced angle, and most importantly, began to make the backs from slender spindles. These graceful, spindly chair backs were the most striking feature of American Windsor design. So when a craftsman incorporated slender spindles in other pieces of furniture, folks naturally dubbed these "Windsor." too.

Construction Techniques

The assembly of the quilt rack is straightforward: Turn the spindles, posts and rails; saw out the arches, arms and legs; then join the parts. The rack shown is joined with biscuits, dowels, and wedges. Dowels can also be used where biscuits are shown. Here are a few tips to help your work progress smoothly.

Selecting the stock. Traditionally, craftsmen combined several types of wood in a Windsor piece. They used soft, easily carved woods (pine or poplar) for shaped parts; hardwoods (cherry, maple, or birch) for turned parts; and limber, flexible woods (hickory, chestnut, oak, or ash) for bent parts. For this reason, folks usually painted their Windsor chairs to hide the variations in wood tone and grain.

To build this quilt rack, however, you really only need to use one wood, preferably a hard one so the spindles will be easier to turn. There is no seat to carve and the arches are sawn to a curved shape, not bent. The rack shown is made from curly cherry.

Turning the spindles. Turn each of the spindles precisely the same, making them all slightly longer than needed (22 in. to 23 in.). To prevent these slender turnings from whipping on the lathe, use a steadyrest to brace them. As you turn, make sure the upper portion of each spindle is a constantin. in diameter from the top of the swelling or "bulb" shape to the tip. Don't cut

To make certain that the arches match, tape them together edge to edge when you sand them.

74-M.DIA.X l-IM. DEEP HOLES

Attach legs here -""I 2

post layout

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