armrests are made from two panels glued up as shown in the drawing.We cut the long, gentle curves on the end panels with a handsaw, and used a saber saw for the tighter arcs and for the backboard notches.

Make sure the scat tongues don't bottom out in the grooves. The bench gets its strength because the shoulders of the tongue bun tightly against the end panels when the rails are wedged.

For the through-mortises on the end panels, we used a drill to bore through the stock and then squared the mortises up with a saber saw. To make the angled through-mortises on the rails, drill first, and then use a chisel to cut the angle and square up. Make sure the wedge mortises are laid out so their inner ends are slightly inside the end panels when the rails are in place. This will ensure tliat the shoulders seat lightly when the wedges are tapped home.

The way you treat the edges of the boards has a strong influence on the feel of any piece of furniture. We shaped the edges of our bench with a block plane and spokeshave to avoid the machined look that routers produce. (See the profiles in the drawing.) To further enhance the country' look of the bench, I designed a pierced and chip-carved rosette for the backrest. (See sidebar, next page.)

For a finish, I used a wash coat of thinned shellac ('/* alcohol to % prepared shellac) and rubbed this out with a Scotch-Brite pad. This seals the wood and provides a smooth surface for either a clear or painted finish. I

used latex paint, thinning it enough so that when applied, the color is solid, but the wood grain still shows. This way, the finish will age gracefully, wearing through at the edges rather than chipping off. After painting, I applied one coat of Waterlox, an oil/varnish blend, to create a slight sheen and provide a bit of protection from the elements. A

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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