Joint Detail

Length of taper should be three times thickness of blade.

Grind ends of blade to taper to make scarf joint.

contains 50 percent silver, 2 percent nickel. 28 percent zinc and 20 percent copper.

After the joint has cooled, you can grind it lightly to remove any irregularities. To check the strength of your joint, flex the blade to the circumference of your saw wheel. If it passes this test, remount it on your saw and tension it slowly. For safety's sake, you may wish to run a silver-soldered blade at a bit lower tension than a welded blade. —S.B.

STEP 4: Saver-solder the ends of the blade together. (See sidebar, opposite.)

STEP 4: Saver-solder the ends of the blade together. (See sidebar, opposite.)

(Special T, available from Craft Supplies USA, 1287 E. 1120 S., Provo, UT 8-1601, 801-373-0917) to attach a hardwood waste block to the bottom of the blank. He mounts the entire-blank on a screw chuck. (Rude uses a Glaser screw chuck. Model 88, available from Craft Supplies USA.) Then, with the lathe running at 300 rpm, he faces the top edge of the blank. That way he can place a Hat disc-across the open end and bring up the live center to push against the disc, to help support the blank during turning. (See lead photo.) The flat disc is only held in place by the pressure of the tailstock, so he cranks the tailstock tightly.

j Turning the Bowl

\ When rough-turning. Rude uses a lMn. deep-fluted bowl gouge to true and shape the outside. He leaves the base thick initially so it will help support the blank when he turns the inside.

Rude doesn't gel elaborate with his shapes. He prefers to "let the wood speak for itself." He says, "Simple forms arc better, and they're harder to get right, 'cause there's nothing to distract your eye from any errors."

It was fun watching Rude make one of these bowls, especially when he backed off the tailstock and removed the disc to show a bowl interior that was already 90 pcrccnt hollow. Instead of spending time hogging out waste. Rude simply had to shape the interior walls with the deep-fluted gouge and turn the bottom to an appropriate curvc.

Rude did the bottom work with something that was new to me: a

STEP 5: Mount blade, then cut out the ring.

hooked tool that sports a "training wheel" to keep it from catching. (Sec sidebar at right.)

The final sanding and finishing were standard turning procedure, a lot of which Rude pioneered. He power-sands both the interior and exterior with a commercial-grade silicon-carbide paper mounted on a flexible rubber pad that he chucks in his electric drill. Then he pad-sands the surfaces down to 400 grit or 600 grit, depending on the wood.

Rude finishes with Urethanc Oil, a urcthane and oil mixture manufactured by the Lawrence McFadden Co. (available at retail from Craft Supplies USA, 801-373 0917), first applying a coat of Deft clear finish as a sanding sealer on light woods to prevent darkening. On open-grained woods, he wet-sands with 600-grit wet-or-dry paper dipped in the urcthane oil. This helps to fill the grain while giving a superb finish. He allows the oiled bowl to dry overnight between coats of finish.

Rude's ring technique allows you wide latitude in designing your forms, and no matter how you look at it, "ringing" bowls will save material and turning time. The end result is you get more bowls for your buck, and no turner can argue with that. ▲

STEPHEN BLENK is a turner in Washington state and founder of the Olympic Peninsula chapter of the American Association of Woodturners.

STEP 6: Break blade, remove ring and repeat process.


■■ooked turning tools are great ■■for removing end grain at the bottoms of deep bowls, but they're finicky creatures. Use a little too much pressure and the tool will catch, leaving a gouged bowl and your curses in the wake.

But now there's a new hooked tool on the market which has a beveled cover that fits over the cutting hook, preventing accidental catches. To vary the depth of cut. you move the cover back and forth, adjusting the amount of cutting edge This hooked tool's exposed. cutting edge is cov-

I tried the ered to stop catches, tool on a walnut end-grain turning and found it has all the advantages of a hook without the fatal "grab factor." The item is available from Osolnik Originals (Box 442, Berea. KY 40403) and comes in two models. The Mighty Midget Hollowing Tool ($79) is for shallow bowls. It is 20 in. long, including the handle, and is made from ^-in.-dia. steel. You loosen two Allen screws to adjust the cover. The Deep Adjustable Hollowing Tool ($225) is 40 in. long and is made from 3/t-in.dia. steel. You adjust the beveled cover by twisting the twapiece handle.—S.B.

Your Best Work Begins With Lumber That's Flat, True and Square

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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