Painting Wood

Mdf Painting Station

The porous edges of an MDF panel or the end grain of boards need to be sealed thoroughly or they'll look and feel rough. Just brush on a sealer, such as white pigmented shellac, and sand after 45 minutes or so. Repeat until edge feels smooth.

Seal Pine Wood Knots
Pine knots will stubbornly bleed through regular paint no matter how many coats you apply. To hide them, seal the wood first with a shellac-based sealer.

The porous edges of an MDF panel or the end grain of boards need to be sealed thoroughly or they'll look and feel rough. Just brush on a sealer, such as white pigmented shellac, and sand after 45 minutes or so. Repeat until edge feels smooth.

Get a Super-Smooth Finish

Seal Before Painting

The best start for any painted wood surface is to seal and prime it first. White-pigmented shellac, such as B-l-N, is one of the most convenient products to use for a sealer. B-l-N is available at most home centers and paint stores. You can use a brush, roller or spray gun to apply the sealer. It dries in about 45 minutes, so you can apply numerous coats in one day. Sealers are designed to sand easily and leave a smooth foundation for the paint.

Sealing knotty pine before painting is a must. That's because the resins in pine, which are used to make turpentine, will bleed through even an oil based paint. The problem is especially noticeable around knots and pitch pockets where sap concentrates. Shellac is unequaled at sealing knots in pine so the resins will never bleed through the painted surface (Photo 1).

If you're painting a new project, sand the wood and scrub it with a rag saturated with naphtha to remove some of the resin first. Then load up your paintbrush and seal the ends of every board and spot prime over knots and sap streaks. Let the primer dry. then apply at least two coats of sealer over the entire project. Apply two sealer coats before topcoating with paint and three sealer coats before topcoating with lacquer. An extra coat on the end grain of boards and on the edges of man made material like MDF (Photo 2) helps to fill these rough areas. Let the sealer dry, then sand and apply the topcoat.

If you're repainting a project where the knots and sap streaks are bleeding through, you can still seal in the resins. Make sure the paint is completely dry, then sand and prime the problem areas with the shellac-based sealer. Once it's dry, sand and apply a finish coat of paint.

Stop pine knot bleed through with a shellac based primer.

Wood Finishing Techniques ShellacWood Filler Plywood Edge

Fill Painted Edges

Make inexpensive plywood look like solid wood by filling voids and end grain with exterior spackling compound. Let the spackling compound dry for half an hour, round over the edges of the plywood with a router bit or sandpaper and sand the edge smooth. Brush on a primer and top coat and you've made economical materials look classy.

Spread a thin coat of spackling compound onto the edges and sand smooth before painting. Spot-fill any defects on the face of the MDF as well.The result will be ultra-smooth edges and faces on painted MDF.

Sources 3M SandBlaster sanding sponges. Dap Dry Dex spackling compound, Zinsser BIN Primer Sealer and Rust-Oleum Painter's Touch gloss are all available at most home centers and hardware stores.

Ultra-Smooth Edges

Here's the trick to make the rough edges on man-made material such as MDF, parti-cleboard and plywood as smooth as the surface. Simply coat the edges with spackling compound before priming. First, sand the raw edges with 150-or 180-grit paper. Sanding sponges are ideal for this job. They're stiff enough to get into corners but soft enough to conform to a rounded edge. Use a putty knife or your fingers to apply the spackling compound on the edges and to fill any surface defects (see photos below and left). Dap Dry Dex is a spackling compound that goes on pink then turns white when it's ready to be sanded. Sand the spackled edge with the 180-grit sponge. It's okay if you sand down to the wood a bit. The spackling compound does not have to completely coat the edge; it just has to fill in the pits. Before you paint, seal the whole piece with a couple coats of high-quality primer sealer such as Zinsser BIN, a shellac-based primer that dries super-fast and sands beautifully. Switch to 220-grit paper to sand the primer. Finally, spray on several coats of color enamel paint. Be sure to lightly sand between coats. The result will be a stunning, glass-smooth surface.

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Responses

  • nerea
    How to stop pine knots from bleeding through paint?
    8 years ago
  • Coleen
    How to stop pine knot from bleeding through paint?
    8 years ago
  • conner wilson
    How many coats of shellac to seal wood knots?
    8 years ago
  • diego
    How do you seal paint on smooth surface?
    8 years ago
  • pedro
    How to fill in rough edge wood paint?
    8 years ago
  • steffen
    How do you seal knots that are bleeding through the paint?
    8 years ago
  • Luwam
    How to stop pine bleed?
    8 years ago
  • annett
    How to seal MDF edges before painting?
    8 years ago
  • yvonne
    How to sand pine smooth before painting?
    8 years ago
  • Ville-Veik Waltari
    How to seal pine knots on boards?
    8 years ago
  • GIULIA
    How to fill in knots in pine wood?
    8 years ago
  • Robel
    HOW TO SEAL KNOTS IN PINE PAINT?
    7 years ago
  • luca neumann
    How do i seal mdf edge before painting?
    7 years ago
  • Paavo
    How to seal end grain of wood for painting?
    7 years ago
  • mewael
    What do you use when the sap of the boards bleeds through the paint?
    7 years ago
  • eeva
    How do you stop the resin or oil bleeding through paint out of the knots in pine?
    7 years ago
  • Rezene Mustafa
    How to block pine knots from bleeding through paint?
    7 years ago
  • pupa napolitano
    How to use wood filler or putty on plywood edge?
    7 years ago
  • malva
    Can you use turpentine to stop knots from bleeding through paint?
    5 years ago
  • Alberic
    How do you prepare end grain for painting of pine?
    5 years ago
  • mia hughes
    How do you hide woodgrain in fingerjoint pine shelves with paint?
    5 years ago
  • marigold gammidge
    How do you stop birch plywood from bleeding through paint?
    5 years ago
  • meeri
    How to seal knots in wood before painting?
    5 years ago
  • Gemma
    How to use slackling compound to fill in grain before painting oak doors tutiorals?
    5 years ago
  • Isengrin
    How to fill in plywood grain?
    4 years ago
  • alexander
    How to fill plywood end grain for painting?
    4 years ago
  • Michael
    How to paint seal pine wood?
    3 years ago
  • Pertti
    How to disguise the grain of plywood?
    3 years ago
  • Oliver
    How paint white laminated mdf rough edges?
    3 years ago
  • kathrin fassbinder
    How to prevent bleeding when painting onto plywood?
    2 years ago
  • mehari
    How to cover the pinewood edges?
    2 years ago
  • abbondanzio
    Do birch knots blled through paint?
    2 years ago
  • ASSUNTA
    How to paint the raw edges on laminated furniture?
    1 year ago
  • JENS
    How to framing the laminating mdf edge?
    1 year ago
  • Semhar
    Can you paint an edged wood?
    1 year ago
  • angelica hornblower
    How to smooth wood edges for painting?
    11 months ago
  • malachy
    How to apply shellac to mdf?
    9 months ago
  • MICHAEL HALL
    How to paint porous wood?
    7 months ago
  • alvise
    When sealing with shellac does it need to be roughed up before being painted?
    4 months ago
  • Sanni
    How to fill plywood knots before painting?
    3 months ago
  • sirja salo
    How to paint end grain?
    2 months ago

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