The most common method of Staining is to apply the stain and then remove the excess (Photo 4). It makes no difference in which direction you apply the stain, because you're going to remove all the excess anyway. It also makes no difference in which direction you remove the stain, as long as you remove it all. But, it's good practice to make your last wiping strokes go with the grain, just in case you leave some streaks. That way, the grain will help disguise the streaks.
The trick is to get all the slain wiped oil the wood before it starts to dry. If you are working on a large surface, you can divide the object into smaller parts and stain them one at a time. The parts should be divided at natural breaks, so you don't risk lap marks.
Caution: Be sure the stain soaked rags are disposed of properly (Photo r>).
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