Four Ways To Joining Wood

Of these three operations, however, fitting is the most essential. You can join wood without glue or nails, but not without fitting. Even a simple butt joint requires that you cut one board to fit flush against the surface of another. Gluing and fastening are important — and I'll refer to them from time to time — but fitting is the essence of joiner)7. Most of this text focuses on how to fit four basic types of joints (See Figure 1-2):

■ Simple joints, such as dadoes and rabbets, require only a few simple cuts to assemble two parts.

■ Reinforced joints use a secondary piece of wood, such as a dowel or spline, to strengthen the joint between two or more principal parts.

■ Mortise-and-tenon joints have one part that is bored or recessed to hold a second part, and are mostly used to join the parts of a frame.

■ Interlocking joints use multiple cuts to increase the adjoining surface area, and usually join the parts of a box.

Wood Joints Butt

1-1 Most woodworking joints combine two joining operations — either fitting and fastening, as with the nailed butt joint (1), or fitting and gluing, as with the dovetail joint

(2). Some combine all three, such as the pegged mortise-and-tenon joint

Note that all of these joints require some degree of fitting. Just as joiner>r is the heart of woodworking, filling is the heart of joinery.

1-1 Most woodworking joints combine two joining operations — either fitting and fastening, as with the nailed butt joint (1), or fitting and gluing, as with the dovetail joint

(2). Some combine all three, such as the pegged mortise-and-tenon joint

Note that all of these joints require some degree of fitting. Just as joiner>r is the heart of woodworking, filling is the heart of joinery.

The Purpose of Joinery

Now that you know the basic types of joinery, how do you choose the right joint for a particular woodworking job? Consider that every joint must fulfill two important requirements:

■ It must support the load of the other parts and any external weights or forces that might be applied to the completed project.

■ It must let the wood move as it expands and contracts with changes in temperature and humidity.

And if the joint is to be glued or fastened, as most are, there is a third requirement:

■ It must provide a suitable gluing surface or anchor for a fastener.

Use whichever joint best fulfills these requirements.

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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