Glazing Bar Halving Joint Router Bits

Corner Halving Joint

Adjust the saw blade to cut halfway through the workpiece. Saw one shoulder then slide the wood sideways and saw the second one. To cut identical shoulders on several pieces of wood, set up the saw so that you can butt each workpiece against the rip fence at one end and against a block of wood clamped to the mitre fence at the other Remove the waste by making several passes across the blade. Set a marking gauge to exactly half the thickness of the wood, and scribe a line between the shoulders...

How To Make The Dowel End Of Rail Fencing

Dowel Together Stiles Rails

Frames made with dowelled butt joints are surprisingly strong. Nowadays, most factory-made furniture incorporates dowel joints, even for chair rails which must be capable of resisting prolonged and considerable strain. In most cases, two dowels per joint are sufficient. Place them a minimum of 6mm 4in from both edges of the rail. Saw each component to length and trim the ends of the rail square as described for making a square-ended butt joint see page 18 . Leave the stile or leg of a corner...

How To Cut 45 Degree Angle Wood

How Work Angle Table Saw

It pays to use a special jig called a mitre saw to cut larger pieces of wood or moulded sections of framing. The workpiece can be held on edge or flat on the bed of the tool. The saw guide, which can be set to any angle, guarantees accurate joints. Hold the work on a mitre shooting board and trim each cut end with a sharp bench plane. MACHINE CUT Box-frame mitre joint i tongue Adjust the mitre fence on the table saw to the required angle, usually 45 degrees. Holding the workpiece firmly against...

Proportions Of A Haunched Tenon

Haunched Mortise And Tenon

Make the tenon two-thirds the width of the rail the haunch itself should be as long as it is thick. Make a sloping haunch to the same proportions, but pare it away to meet the shoulder line. Having marked the shoulders and scribed the tenon thickness on the rail see page 64 , use a marking gauge to scribe the top edge of the tenon on both sides and across the end grain. Having marked the shoulders and scribed the tenon thickness on the rail see page 64 , use a marking gauge to scribe the top...

Using Dovetail Template

Dovetail Template

A standard through dovetail is considered to be attractive, and the decorative qualities of the joint can be exploited still further by varying the size and spacing of the tails and pins. The example shown here has fine triangular pins and a central half-depth dovetail that interrupts the regular rhythm of the joint. Begin by marking out the tails, lightly scribing the shoulder line on all sides of the workpiece. Similarly mark the shoulder line for the half-depth dovetail. Begin by marking out...

Selecting The Right Joint

Halving Joint Diagram

Before you can exercise your woodworking skills, you have to decide which joint will best suit your needs given that there are so many to choose from, making the right choice is not as easy at it might seem. These charts suggest not only which joints to consider for a wide variety of applications, but also what tools you can use and what materials will be suitable. From the diagrams ranged along the top of the charts, select the application that most closely represents the item you want to...

Making A Scratch Stock

Bent Wood Frame Bed

To shape the edges of both workpieces, make a scratch stock from hardwood or plywood, and prepare a pair of matched cutters from steel sheet. File the exact radius curve on the convex cutter, but make the concave cutter very slightly smaller. Clamp the table top face-side up on the bench, and cut the joint rabbet down to the marked lines, using a rabbet plane. Clamp the table top face-side up on the bench, and cut the joint rabbet down to the marked lines, using a rabbet plane. Shape the...

Of A Mortise And Tenon

Mortise And Tenon Sizes

Cut the tenon for a standard joint to approximately one-third the thickness of the railthe exact size being determined by the chisel used to cut the mortise. Tenon thickness can be increased when the leg or mortise member is thicker than the rail. A tenon normally runs the full width of the rail but, should the rail be unusually wide, it is best to incorporate a pair of tenons, one above the other, to avoid weakening the leg with an excessively long mortise. This type of joint is known as a...

How To Cut A Halving Joint

Housing Joints

The tapered stopped housing is a variant of the stopped housing, having a dovetail slope along one side, hut also tapering towards the stopped end. It is particularly useful for deep cabinets, because it remains slack while you assemble the joint, finally pulling itself tight at the last moment. However, it requires very precise making to achieve the desired result. Pencil a straight-sided, stopped housing on the side panel, then rule a line representing the tapered shoulder of the housing....

Tongueandgroove Joint

Butt Joints For Wood Fencing

A power router is not only the perfect tool for grooving a joint to take a separate tongue, it can also be adapted to machine an integral tongue on one half of a joint. For jointing larger sections of timber, consider setting up a table saw to cut tongues and grooves. A wooden strip clamped along each side of the workpiece provides a wide, flush surface to support the base of the router. A wooden strip clamped along each side of the workpiece provides a wide, flush surface to support the base...

Mitred Through Dovetail

Half Pin Mitred Dovetail

Should you wish to mould the edge of a dovetailed workpiece, perhaps to make a sliding tray or an open box, incorporate a mitre at each corner. After scribing the shoulder line on the two sides and across the bottom of the tail member, mark the mitre on the top edge. After scribing the shoulder line on the two sides and across the bottom of the tail member, mark the mitre on the top edge. Set a marking gauge to the depth required for the moulded edge, and scribe a line on the end grain and...

How To Make Dovetail

Mdf Cradle Jig Degrees

Construct a cradle from MDF to hold the assembled workpiece at 45 degrees to the router table. Machine a small rectangular opening in the base before you assemble the basic jig with glue. Set the router to cut a dovetail slot in the centre of the cradle. Set up the fence and jig so that the dovetail cutter fits accurately in the slot in the cradle. Place the workpiece in the cradle, aligning one edge with the marked line, and feed the jig into the cutter to make the first slot. Move the work...

How To Cut A Secret Mitred Dovetail

Images Pins For Cutting Dovetails

Holding the pin member on end, align its inside face with the shoulder line marked across the tail member. Scribe around the pins to mark the shape of the tails. Square parallel lines across the end grain to mark the tips of the tails. Cut the tails and mitres as described for the pins, and mitre the lap in the same way. A mitred dovetail, which is typically used when both components are the same thickness, requires careful marking and cutting. Since it is...

Using A Radialarm

Half Lap Joint Jig

The radial-arm saw is an excellent machine for cutting halving joints, since you can clearly see the shoulder lines you are sawing. Using a dado head removes more waste wood at one pass than a standard setup. Adjust the blade to cut halfway through the work, and pull the saw towards you to cut the shoulder. Slide the work to one side, gradually removing more waste with each pass. Clamp an end stop to the fence to cut a shoulder in the same place on identical workpieces. When cutting recesses...

Build Your Own Router Carver

Mesin Router Kayu

The versatility of the router hits been enhanced by the development of ingenious jigs for cutting traditional joints. Although the initial adjustment is time-consuming, once these jigs are set, even complicated dovetail joints can be cut in a fraction of the time it takes to make them bv hand. The description here serves its a guide to cutting through dovetails on a jig that features individually adjustable fingers that guide the router cutter. The setting of the finger assembly governs the...