Chisels And Gouges

Woodworking of any kind is impossible without at least a small range of well-made chisels and gouges. In joint-making. they are especially useful for removing waste wood and for paring components to make a snug fit.

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Firmer chisel
Bevel-edge chisel
Jointing Chisel
Cranked paring chisel
Paring chisel

Firmer chisel

The standard woodworking chisel has a strong rectangular-section blade which you can confidently drive with a mallet through pine or hardwoods, without fear of it breaking. Firmer chisels range from 3 to 38mm (1/sto 13^in) wide.

Bevel-edge chisel

The slim-bladed bevel-edge chisel is designed for more delicate work, using hand pressure only It is used primarily for shaping and trimming joints, and the bevels ground along both sides of the blade make the chisel suitable for working dovetail undercuts. Bevel-edge chisels are made to the same widths as firmers.

Paring chisel

A paring chisel is a bevel-edge chisel with an extra-long blade for levelling housings. A cranked version makes it possible to pare waste from very wide joints.

Sash-mortise chisel

This is a specialized chisel for cutting de.ep mortises. It is made with a tapered blade that does not jam in the work, and which is thick enough to be used as a lever when chopping waste out of a joint. The deep blade sides help keep it square to the mortise. Mortise chisels are made up to 12mm (14in) wide.

Firmer gouges

A gouge is a chisel with a blade curved in cross section. When the cutting-edge bevel is ground on the inside of the blade, it is known as an in-cannel gouge; the tip of an out-cannel blade is ground on the outside. Gouges are used to scoop waste wood out of hollows and to trim curved shoulders. They average from 6 to 25mm (Va to 1 in) wide.

Sash-mortise chisel

In-cannel gouge

Out-cannel gouge

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