Hand Cut

2 Cutting the tongue

Adjust the plane's depth stop to cut a tongue of the required size, then begin planing at the far end of the workpiece, gradually working backwards as the tongue is formed.

depth

Joint Cuts

fence

1 Adjusting the cutter

Clamp the work in a bench vice, face-side towards you. Adjust the fence until the cutter is centred on the edge of the work. Provided the matching groove is also cut from the face side, it is not essential that the tongue is precisely on-centre.

3 Cutting the groove

Select a ploughing cutter that matches the width of the tongue, and fit it into the plane. Adjust the fence while sitting the cutter on top of the tongue; set the depth stop, making sure it will cut a groove slightly deeper than the tongue. Clamp the uncut board in the vice and cut the groove.

fence

Use a combination plane to cut a tongue-and-groove joint by hand. This kind of plane is similar to a standard plough plane, but comes with a wider range of cutters, including one designed to shape a tongue on the edge of a workpiece. Cut the tongue first, then change the cutter and plane a matching groove.

depth

2 Cutting the tongue

Adjust the plane's depth stop to cut a tongue of the required size, then begin planing at the far end of the workpiece, gradually working backwards as the tongue is formed.

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