How To Make The Dowel End Of Rail Fencing

Frames made with dowelled butt joints are surprisingly strong. Nowadays, most factory-made furniture incorporates dowel joints, even for chair rails which must be capable of resisting prolonged and considerable strain. In most cases, two dowels per joint are sufficient. Place them a minimum of 6mm (!4in) from both edges of the rail.

1 Cutting components to length

Saw each component to length and trim the ends of the rail square as described for making a square-ended butt joint (see page 18). Leave the stile or leg of a corner joint overlong until the joint is finished.

2 Marking the joint

Clamp the two components in a vice with their joining surfaces flush. Using a try square, draw the centre of each dowel hole across both components, then scribe a line centrally on each one with a marking gauge. Bore the dowel holes where the lines cross.

Dowel Together Stiles Rails
leg or stile

1 Dowelling rails with a jig

Clamp the jig on the end of the rail, ensuring that the fixed head and side fences are located against the face side and edge of the workpiece. Drill both holes.

Woodworking Dowel Joint

2 Dowelling the stiles

Once you have drilled all the rails, remove the sliding fence and, without altering the other settings, turn the jig over and clamp it to the stile with a G-cramp. Bore dowel holes in the side grain.

2 Marking the other component

Lay the leg or stile on its side and press the end of the rail against it, leaving two pinholes that mark the hole centres exactly. A simple right-angle jig keeps the components aligned.

Woodworking Dowel Spikes

1 Using centre points

For greater accuracy in marking out dowel joints, draw the centre points on the end of the rail only, then drive in panel pins where the lines cross. Cut off the pin heads with pliers, leaving short 'spikes' projecting from sliding fence fixed head fence

Dowel Joint

1 Using centre points

For greater accuracy in marking out dowel joints, draw the centre points on the end of the rail only, then drive in panel pins where the lines cross. Cut off the pin heads with pliers, leaving short 'spikes' projecting from

1 Dowelling rails with a jig

Clamp the jig on the end of the rail, ensuring that the fixed head and side fences are located against the face side and edge of the workpiece. Drill both holes.

2 Dowelling the stiles

Once you have drilled all the rails, remove the sliding fence and, without altering the other settings, turn the jig over and clamp it to the stile with a G-cramp. Bore dowel holes in the side grain.

sliding fence fixed head fence

Cramp Dowel

2 Marking the other component

Lay the leg or stile on its side and press the end of the rail against it, leaving two pinholes that mark the hole centres exactly. A simple right-angle jig keeps the components aligned.

Ready-made centre points

As an alternative to using panel pins, bore dowel holes into the end of the rail, then slip into them store-bought dowel points that will mark the side grain of the matching component.

sliding fence drill-bit guide drill-bit guide

Dowel Joints

head

DOWELLING JIGS

It's worth acquiring a dowelling jig for a project that requires a number of identical dowel joints. The jig not only guides the bit to bore perfectly vertical holes, it also dispenses with the need to mark out each and every joint separately With one of the better jigs, you can mark out wide boards for cabinet work as well as rails and stiles. The type of jig shown here has a fixed head or fence from which measurements are taken, and a sliding fence that clamps the jig to the work-piece. Adjustable drill-bit guides and side fences position the dowel holes.

sliding fence drill-bit guide drill-bit guide head

EDGE-TO-EDGE DOWEL JOINT

HAND CUT

When constructing a wide solid-wood panel, you can make a particularly strong joint between boards by inserting a dowel every 225 to 300mm (9 to 12in).

1 Marking an edge-to-edge joint

Clamp adjacent boards back-to-back in a vice and mark the dowel centres, using a try square and pencil. Scribe a line down the centre of each board with a marking gauge

Centre Marking Gauge

2 Boring the holes

If possible, have a helper stand at one end of the workpiece, to tell you when the drill is upright as you bore each hole where the marked lines cross.

Elliptical Cut End Dowell

2 Boring the holes

If possible, have a helper stand at one end of the workpiece, to tell you when the drill is upright as you bore each hole where the marked lines cross.

Dowelling with a jig

Remove both end fences of a dowelling jig when boring holes in the edge of a wide board. Holding the side fences against the face side of the work, drill two holes. To drill subsequent holes, drop one drill-bit guide over a short dowel rod pushed into the last hole drilled.

Wood Working 101

Wood Working 101

Have you ever wanted to begin woodworking at home? Woodworking can be a fun, yet dangerous experience if not performed properly. In The Art of Woodworking Beginners Guide, we will show you how to choose everything from saws to hand tools and how to use them properly to avoid ending up in the ER.

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Responses

  • ulrich
    How to make the dowel end of rail fencing?
    6 years ago
  • Yerusalem
    How to cut the ends on wood fence rails?
    6 years ago
  • VEERA
    How to make a dowelled rail?
    4 years ago
  • melilot
    How to dowel backer rail ends?
    4 years ago
  • thomas
    How to make a dowelend of a fence rail?
    4 years ago
  • Colin
    How to build dowel end wood fence?
    4 years ago
  • kyran
    How to make a ball end dowel?
    4 years ago
  • Arja
    How to make diy jig for drilling dowels?
    4 years ago
  • zack
    How to make a doweling jig?
    4 years ago
  • Jessie
    How to make stile and rails with a dowel jig?
    3 years ago
  • belisarius
    How to dowel round fence rails?
    3 years ago
  • Abdullah
    How to create dowel end on wood post?
    3 years ago
  • FAITH
    How to cut dowell pole fence?
    3 years ago
  • cosma
    How to use a dowel jig to connect rails and stiles?
    3 years ago
  • Suoma
    What kind of saw needed to trim off fence rails at end?
    3 years ago
  • malva gaukrogers
    How to dowel wood rail?
    3 years ago
  • Julia
    How to cut dowels on fence rails?
    3 years ago
  • nile
    How to dowel miter joints?
    3 years ago
  • juliane
    How to install dowell rail fence?
    2 years ago
  • Fnan
    How to cut fence rails to length?
    2 years ago
  • Augusta Lucchesi
    What do they use to cut the backer on stockade fence?
    2 years ago
  • massawa
    How to make the dowles for fence?
    2 years ago
  • milla
    How to make over head fence?
    1 year ago
  • Torsten
    How do i turn round end of fence post?
    1 year ago
  • COSMA PALERMO
    How do i cut and join alfa rails?
    1 year ago
  • elena
    How to install post backer rail?
    1 year ago
  • swen
    How to make doweled end poles?
    9 months ago
  • LUCA
    How to build Dowelled Rail Blunt fences?
    9 months ago
  • willie
    How do i round off the ends of fence stringers to make a dowel end?
    9 months ago
  • Christina
    How to cut dowel ends on fence rails?
    7 months ago
  • gimja
    Can you use tack doweling jig on a round rail?
    6 months ago
  • Vivaldo
    How do you make fence rail ends?
    6 months ago
  • barbara
    How to make railing with dowl?
    5 months ago
  • virpi
    How to modify length of fence panels with doweled ends?
    2 months ago
  • lauryn sutherland
    How to dowel round pole for fence?
    2 months ago

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