Mitred Through Dovetail

HAND CUT

Should you wish to mould the edge of a dovetailed workpiece, perhaps to make a sliding tray or an open box, incorporate a mitre at each corner.

Dovetail With Mitred Corner

1 Marking the tail member

After scribing the shoulder line on the two sides and across the bottom of the tail member, mark the mitre on the top edge.

Half Pin Mitred Dovetail

pin mfmber tail member

1 Marking the tail member

After scribing the shoulder line on the two sides and across the bottom of the tail member, mark the mitre on the top edge.

2 Marking the depth of the moulding

Set a marking gauge to the depth required for the moulded edge, and scribe a line on the end grain and round to the shoulder line on both sides of the work.

2 Marking the depth of the moulding

Set a marking gauge to the depth required for the moulded edge, and scribe a line on the end grain and round to the shoulder line on both sides of the work.

mitre line mitre line

scribed line

6mm in)

6mm (Yaiu)

6mm {Yain)

scribed line

6mm in)

6mm (Yaiu)

6mm {Yain)

3 Completing the tails

Draw a pencil line 6mm (!4in) below the scribed line, marking the tip of the first tail. Make a similar mark 6mm [Vain) from the other edge. Divide the distance between these lines into the required number of equal-size tails. Saw the waste from between the tails and trim the shoulders square with a chisel. Cut the mitre, using a dovetail saw.

pin mfmber tail member mitre line

4 Marking the pins

Mark the shoulder lines and mitre on the pin member as described below left. Chalk the end grain and mark the position of the pins, using the tail member as a template. Square these marks down to the shoulder line on both sides of the workpiece. Use a pencil to mark the waste for the mitre and between the pins.

mitre line

Dovetail Joint Cut Angle

5 Cutting the pins and mitre

Cut out the waste from between the pins, then reclamp the work in the vice. Holding the dovetail saw at an angle, cut alongside the last pin, down to the line of the mitre. Finally, cut the mitre itself, then plane or router the moulding before assembling the joint.

tail member

Antique Molding Planes

pin member

Shouldered Miter Joint

2 Marking the width of the rabbet

Reset the gauge and scribe the width of the rabbet along the bottom edge of both workpieces.

4 Marking the extended shoulder

Mark the extended-shoulder line on the bottom edge of the tail member - the extension should equal the width of the rabbet. Plane a rabbet on each component.

Saw Cut Joint Width

5 Cutting the extended shoulder

Use a dovetail saw to trim the waste back to the extended-shoulder line before assembling the joint.

4 Marking the extended shoulder

Mark the extended-shoulder line on the bottom edge of the tail member - the extension should equal the width of the rabbet. Plane a rabbet on each component.

RABBETED THROUGH DOVETAIL

HAND CUT

pin member

1 Scribing the rabbet depth

Mark the shoulder line for the joint on both sides and across the top edge of the tail member. Set a marking gauge to the depth of the rabbet and scribe a line along the inside of the same workpiece, then across its end and along to the shoulder line on the outside face. Scribe a similar line on the pin member, but only on the inside face.

2 Marking the width of the rabbet

Reset the gauge and scribe the width of the rabbet along the bottom edge of both workpieces.

3 Marking and cutting the joint

Mark out the required number of equal-size tails, as described opposite, and cut them with a dovetail saw and chisel. Use the tail member as a template for marking out the pins, then cut that half of the joint.

5 Cutting the extended shoulder

Use a dovetail saw to trim the waste back to the extended-shoulder line before assembling the joint.

It is quite common to cut a rabbet for fitting a tray bottom or to house the back of a cabinet. If vou

are also planning to incorporate through dovetail joints, it is necessary to extend the shoulder at the bottom edge of each tail member to plug the rabbet at the corner.

tail member

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Responses

  • macey wallace
    How to trim dovetail ends?
    6 years ago
  • alex
    How to make dovetail corners?
    6 years ago

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