Selecting The Right Joint

Before you can exercise your woodworking skills, you have to decide which joint will best suit your needs; given that there are so many to choose from, making the right choice is not as easy at it might seem. These charts suggest not only which joints to consider for a wide variety of applications, but also what tools you can use and what materials will be suitable.

Finding recommended joints

From the diagrams ranged along the top of the charts, select the application that most closely represents the item you want to make. For example, do you want to join chair legs to a seat rail, or the corners of a cabinet, or do you want to know what joints to use for constructing frames or drawers? Having found the diagram that includes the type of joint you need, match the numbers below it with those found in the top left-hand corner of recommended joints illustrated in the chart.

Ease of making

Each illustration also includes a colour box that indicates whether it is possible to make that particular joint with handtools or machine tools. The letter on the colour box indicates whether it is relatively easy (E) or difficult (D) to make with those tools (see key below).

Hand tools

Machine tools

E Easy

E Easy

D Difficult

D Difficult

Materials and suitability

The number-rated colour banding below each illustration is designed to help you decide whether the joint is

suitable for the material you are intending to use. Thus, a red box containing number 2 indicates that the joint will be good for solid-wood construction (see key below).

Material

colour code

Suitability

Solid wood

1 Excellent

Plywood

2 Good

Blockboard

3 Fa ir

Chipboard

4 Poor

MDF

Finally, the numbers in the top right-hand corner of each illustration refer you to the page or pages where the construction of each joint is described in full.

CHAIRS

CHAIRS

FRAMES

FRAMES

04, 05, 06, 07 08, 09,10,11 12,13,14,15 16

CORNER page

MORTISE & TENON 77

CORNER page

MORTISE & TENON 77

Corner Machine

BAREFACED page

MORTISE & TENON 77

BAREFACED page

MORTISE & TENON 77

Mortise Joint Machines

03

SKEWED page MORTISE & TENON 77

1 iix w

>

D

E

04

SQUARE-ENDED page BUTT JOINT 18

\ p vS»

3 mir

DOWEL JOINT

Corner Halving Joints Examples

CORNER page

HALVING JOINT 59

CORNER page

HALVING JOINT 59

Splined Mitre Joint

SPLINED page

MITRE JOINT 22, 20, 37

08

SPLINED page MITRE JOINT 20, 21

m

B

1 1

E E

CORNER BRIDLE JOINT

page 36, 37

CORNER BRIDLE JOINT

page 36, 37

Mitred Bridle Joint

MITRED page

BUTT JOINT 19

Butt Joint

MITRED page

BUTT JOINT 19

How Make Wood Canvas Mitre Joints

SPLINED page

MITRE JOINT 22, 20, 37

How Make Wood Canvas Mitre Joints

RABBETED page

MORTISE 8c TENON 75, 78-80

Double Bridle Joint

GROOVED-FRAME page MORTISE & TENON 74,78-80

THROUGH page

MORTISE & TENON 64-5,78-80

MOULDED-FRAME page MORTISE & TENON 76,78-80

Mitre Joint Canvas Frame

FRAMES

TABLES

Mitre Joint Canvas Frame

14,15,16

GROOVED-FRAME page MORTISE & TENON 74,78-80

THROUGH page

MORTISE & TENON 64-5,78-80

FRAMES

TABLES

14,15,16

RABBETED page

MORTISE 8c TENON 75, 78-80

Canvas Stretching Machine

CANVAS -STRETCHER JOINT

Dovetail Corner Briddle Joint

HAUNCHED page

MORTISE 8. TENON 70, 78-80

Haunched Mortise

MOULDED-FRAME page MORTISE & TENON 76,78-80

DOUBLE page

MORTISE & TENON 66, 78-80

DOUBLE page

MORTISE & TENON 66, 78-80

STOPPED page

TWIN page

MORTISE & TENON 67, 78-80

TWIN page

MORTISE & TENON 67, 78-80

Halving Joint PictureWedged Tenon Joint

LOOSE-WEDGED page TENON 73

Cutting Tenon Joints

BUTT JOINT

Halving Joint

T-HALVING JOINT

Dovetail Halving

DOVETAIL HALVING JOINT

Halving Joint Diagram

OBLIQUE HALVING JOINT

Oblique Halving Joint

OBLIQUE HALVING JOINT

BOXES

Dovetail Jointboxes

31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38 39, 40,41,42, 43, 44, 45, 46 47, 48,49, 50, 51,53, 54, 55

31

SQUARE-ENDED BUTT JOINT

page 18

uSt>s

34

4 3

MITRED BUTT JOINT

MITRED BUTT JOINT

Mitred Butt Joint
63

34

MITRED page LAP JOINT 44,46

y

3 I 31 3 I 3 I

DD

35

HALF-BUND LAP JOINT

page 45

3

t

2

2| 2

I I E

36

LOCK page MITRE JOINT 46

2|2|2| I D

BAREFACED page

HOUSING JOINT 53, 54

BAREFACED page

HOUSING JOINT 53, 54

3 | 3 J 3 |_3

38

DOWELLED LAP JOINT

page 44, 46,34

\ ji^N 1

2 I 2 1 2 1 2

1 D j D

Dovetail MockHalf Lap Mitre Joint DiagramsHalf Lap Mitre Joint Diagrams

42

SPLINED

page

MITRE JOINT

22

O

m

1 3 1 3 j 3 1 E

MITRED BISCUIT JOINT

page 24

44

DOWELLED

page

MITRE JOINT

33

=3

=3

P!2|2l

2 ! 2| E 1 E

SPLINED MITRE JOINT

■H

Ma • •

r.

■H

FINGER JOINT

Through Dovetail Finger Biscuit Joint

MOCK

FINGER JOINT

TT2T2

MOCK

FINGER JOINT

Mock Finger Joint

THROUGH DOVETAIL

page 82,84

THROUGH DOVETAIL

page 82,84

BH1ETII1I1

DECORATIVE DOVETAIL

page 86, 87

DECORATIVE DOVETAIL

page 86, 87

Cutting Dovetail Joints

MITRED THROUGH page DOVETAIL 88,84

Through Dovetail Joint

TABLE TOPS

CABINETS

CABINETS

31,32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51 52, 53, 54, 55

Dovetail Mock
51,63
Dovetail Mock

MITRED page

DOVETAIL 93

Dovetail Joint Machine

MITRED page

DOVETAIL 93

56

SQUARE-ENDED page BUTT JOINT 18

3 I 4j4 [ 4 |3§ E |E

59

STOPPED page HOUSING 50,51

I 313 r 3|31E E

60

STOPPED DOVETAIL page HOUSING 51,49

1

\e

I 3 J 2 1 D|E

61

TAPERED STOPPED HOUSING

page 52

F

2{3 2

D

62

PINNED MORTISE page & TENON 68

I 2| 2 D

Wood Joint Grooving Machine

GROOVE page

24,28

GROOVE page

24,28

65

DOWEL page JOINT 33

0

2 I

■ 2 12 ! 2| E I E

DOWEL JOINT

Dowel Joint

DOWEL JOINT

Dowel Joint

page 90, 91

Double Lapped Dovetail

page 90, 91

Basic Wood Joints Dowels

DOUBLE-LAPPED DOVETAIL

Lap Barefaced Housing

THROUGH HOUSING

DOVETAIL HOUSING

BISCUIT page

JOINT 24

Biscuit Machine Woodworking

BISCUIT page

JOINT 24

How Make Handcut Dovetails
BUTT JOINT

& GROOVE page 27, 28

Types Wood Joints

& GROOVE page 27, 28

Machine For Edge Joint

SPLINED EDGE-TO-EDGE JOINT

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Responses

  • richard
    How to make wood canvas mitre joints?
    6 years ago
  • mattiesko
    How to make a dowel joint?
    4 years ago
  • arvi
    How to make a canvas frame joint?
    1 year ago
  • averardo lucchese
    How to make a mortise and tenon joint of a canvas?
    9 months ago

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