Using the Template

The typical Vinch guide bushing has a collar that's 9/i6 inch long. Before you can use a template thinner than that—and that's what I've directed you to make—you need to grind down the collar.

1. Set up the router. To rout a slot, you'll need a plunge router, one template guide (the %-inch-O.D. size), and two straight bits—one for the counterbore for the screw head and a different one for the screw shank slot. For a «10 roundhead screw, use a ^-inch-diameter bit to cut the tounicrborc and a v/i6-inch-diamctcr bit for the shank slot. For a or «6 screw, use the ¿Winch bit for the counterbore and a l-fc-inch bit for the shank slot.

2. Clamp the template to the workpiece. Line up

Rout slotted pilots in the cleats that you use in attaching a tabletop to the leg-and-apron assembly. The screws driven through the cleat into the tabletop thus will be able to move a little as the top expands and contracts.

TEMPLATE CUTAWAY

TEMPLATE CUTAWAY

Boring plates

Routing holes may be boring, but with each of these templates, you can get some pretty exciting results: different sizes, through or blind holes, flat or stepped bottoms, even circular grooves.

Large-diameter holes are bored with Forstner bits, hole saws, and flycuttcrs. You can use a router and trammel (and frankly, we have a couple of good trammels in this hook).

Of course, any boring operation has a limitation or two. For example:

• If you use a drill press, you have to be able to perch the work on the machine's little table. If the workpiece is too big or unwieldy, if the hole isn't relatively close to the workpiece edge, the drill press can't do the job.

• If you use a hand-held drill, making sure the hole is square to the surface is the problem.

• You can't use a flycuiier in a hand-held drill.

• Urge-diameter Forstner bits are costly, nonadjustable, and single-purpose. So it costs a lot to bore a hole of a one specific diameter.

• Neither a hole saw nor a flycutter can create a stopped hole.

The list could go on (if I'd really think about it). Blit rather than belabor it, let me say that a router and template can produce a large-diameter hole for you when other approaches are stymied by their limitations.

Shown here are a batch of templates with holes cut in them.'I'o rout a matching hole, you simply clamp the template to the work, fit a pattern bit in your router, and let the template guide the router through the cut. If you need a through hole, just keep cutting deeper until the disk of waste is cut free of the workpiece. If a stopped hole is what you need, rout around the perimeter of the template hole until you've cut to the final depth, then work back and forth to excavate all the waste.

Now don't think you are limited to reproducing the hole in the template. If you use a guide bushing, which offsets the bit from the template edge, the hole size is reduced. You can use almost any groove-forming bit with a guide bushing. By using different guide bushing/straight bit combinations, you can use each template hole to rout at least seven different sizes of hole. If you use a '/-»-inch bit with a guide bushing with an outside diameter of Vi inch, it reduces the diameter of the template hole by '/»inch.

The table "Template Size Ranges" on page 11 lays out the specifics for you. It lists the sizes of holes that can be routed using the templates, and it is long. But to cut all 77 of these hole sizes, you need only three guide bushings and four bits, all common sizes.

One last thing. Several of the templates have rounded

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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