Changes In Grain Direction

Reducing Tear-Out

Curly boards are notoriously difficult to joint and plane, but armed with some woodworking savvy you can usually produce a blemish-free surface. The problem is the grain, which changes direction with every ripple (Photo 5). It runs downhill on one side of a wave and uphill on the other side. So no matter which way you feed a board, whole hunks of wood can be yanked off the surface by a machine's knives, leaving an ugly pit behind. If you've just spent a pile of money on some special wood, this can be heartbreaking. Here's how to minimize tear-out:

■ Change your knives. Dull knives on a jointer or planer pull on wood grain; sharp knives cut it cleanly.

■ Take a light cut. Set your machine to remove 1 /64 to 1 /32 in. at a time. Sure, you'll take many more passes, but you'll minimize the depth of any tear-out.

■ Wet the wood. Green wood is easier to cut than dried wood, because wet cells are easier to separate and less likely to pry out their neighbors. You can temporarily achieve the same effect on kiln-dried wood by lightly sponging the surface of a board before you joint or plane (Photo 6). Give your jointer bed a good waxing and the board won't drag. Rest

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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