Easy Scroll Saw Patterns

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Scroll Saw Fretwork Patterns

Edited by Cassia B, Farkas from material by

Dirk Boelman, Kerry Shirts & Patrick Spielman

Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.

New York

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publicatîon Data Available

The Pattern companion : scroll uw / edited by CavMa B. Farkas ; fu»m material by Dirk Bodman. Kerry Shim & Patrick Spielman. p. cm,

I.Jig saws. 2. Wood\sx>rk--PactcTns. 1.1 lde: Scroll saw II. Farkas. Q^u B. III. Bodman, Dirk. IV. Shim. Kerry.V. Spielman. Patrick E.

TTJHii.PJK 2<M>4 745.5l\W<k22

2IK>404522O

2 4 6 H 10 97J3 I Material in thiv collection wis adapted from;

Drowni* i- OtwftNvrr.j/ Stroll S*t\r Mirrmw. by Patrick Spielman ¿V l>irk Bodman C 2<nki. Patrick Spiclnun * Dirk Bodman

Snvll S*iw An, by Patrick Spielman & Kerry Shim V 2\**\ Chapdle Ltd. Stw SsgmcnfdtwH. by Patrick Spielman c* 2i*Ml, Oupelle Ltd.

Detailcd rights information on page 192.

(t is not permined to make the designs contained herein by User, water jet, CNC routers* engraven, Of any other forms of* high-volume production equipment. C Copying patterns to gisx\ trade, or veil is a violation of copyright.

Lditcd bv Cassia B Parkas Book devign by Li7 Trovato ("over design by A Jan Carr l^ublished bv Sterling Publishing Co., Inc.

3#7 Park Avenue South. New York. NY 10016

l>istnbuted in Canada hv Sterling Publivlung c/o ( anadian Manda Group. One Atlantic Avenue. Suite 105

lorunto, Ontario. Canada M6K 3E7

Distributed in Great Britain and Europe by Chris Lloyd at Orca Book Services. Stanley Hou*e, Fleets Lane, lViolc BHLS 3A|, F.ngUml Distributed in Australia by C apricorn Link (Australia) Ptv. Ltd. P.Q Box 704. Windsor. NSW 2756. Australia

Manufactured in China All right* reserved

Sterling ISBN 1-4027-1269-3

Introduction 6

Decorative Scroll Saw 9

Ornamental Projects 12

Toys & Doll Furniture 23

Holiday & Religious 35

Clocks 53

Home Accessories 65

Signage 78

"Painting" with Wood 89

Beginner Projects 96

Intermediate Projects 107

Expert Projects 113

Scrolling and Sculpting in

Nautical Themes 128

Favorites 148

Seasonal and Spiritual 175

Metric Equivalency Chart 187

Index 188

Jigsaw Scroll Saw Patterns Template

7 he Pattern Companion: Scroti Saw is intended to be both a stimulating resource and an instructional reference for everyone who possesses basic scroll-sawing and woodworking skills. It is for any woodworker looking for inspiration beyond the basic How- lb, Rather than elaborating on or repeating basic skill information, it provides a wider range of patterns and useful finishing information.

Expand your vision and have fun.This book will help you learn to think like an artist and experiment with woods, stains, coloring, textures, and various backgrounds or plaque choices that will add to the dramatic effects of your efforts.

Proceed with Safetv

Nearly every woodworking task can be performed in more than one way— hand tool versus power tool techniques is one common comparison,The process of using and understanding any power tool will contribute to the success and sense of accomplishment that come with a job well done. Use caution, however, as the materials employed by a craftsperson can be dangerous and potentially lethal. The combination of potentially noxious dust, harmful chemicals and paints, high noise levels, sharp tools, and high quantities of electricity make it imperative thai the craftsperson operates in a safe, clean, and well thought-out environment.

The risk of injury should never be underestimated. Use common sense at al times so that each new challenging project proves to be rewarding and satisfying-

Safety Guidelines

• Understand and strictly observe manufacturer s instructions for the safe j operation of all tools.

* Always wear a respirator or dust mask while working,

* Wear eye and ear protection when working with power tools.

♦ Never allow fingers to come near any moving blades or cutters.

* Wear a shop apron and appropriate attire—no jewelry, loose sleeves* ties.

• Feel comfortable when using power tools. Think out your project in its entirety and understand all aspects of it before beginning,

* Always keep your mind on your work. Do not allow your mind to wander or be distracted when using power tools or sharp objects,

• Above all, never work when tired, in a hurry, or not in the mood. Put the project down and come back to it later, in a better frame of mind arid with time to spare.

Prepare the Saw

i -

mmË

Using a simple protractor is the easiest way to check the squareness of the table to the blade and to adjust table tilt to the desired angle for bevel cutting.

Using a simple protractor is the easiest way to check the squareness of the table to the blade and to adjust table tilt to the desired angle for bevel cutting.

Enlarging Pattern Size Photocopying

A proportion scale is used to determine optimum sizes when reducing or enlarging patterns on a photocopy machine. Simply align the mark indicating the existing size of the pattern in the book, then turn the scale to the desired finished size and take note of the percentage in the window,i Set the copy machine to the percentage designated in the proportion scale's window.

Jigsaw Patterns Orca
Adhere a photocopy of the pattern to the wood with temporary bond adhesive spray applied to the back of the pattern only:

Make certain to first read and review the owners manual and observe all of the safety precautions relative to the use of the scroll saw. For most of the projects, it is necessary' to make cuts with the saw table set square to the blade. Use a small square or protractor to make and check this adjustment. The factory calibrations on the blade-tilt scales of most scroll saws are difficult to read (especially with bifocals) and most are not accurate. Make certain that the blade is installed with the teeth pointing downward. Tension it correctly, according to the manufacturers instructions.

Technique Instructions

Unless otherwise specified in individual project instructions, following these steps:

1. Sclect the wood. Sand and smooth the surface and remove exccss dust with a tack cloth.

2. Determine if the pattern will be used as presented or if size adjustments need to be made. Consider also the sizes of selected wood to be used for the project. (A slight size reduction of the pattern may allow for refitting it onto a piece of wood that would otherwise be cast aside.) Use a proportion scale to help determine the exact percentage of reduction or enlargement required before making a photocopy of the pattern. Reduce or enlarge the pattern to any size desired at a copy shop or using an available copy machine, making two photocopies of the pattern—one for cutting and the other to use later to assemble the segments on.

3. Using scissors, cut the excess paper from around one copy of the pattern, leaving about V/2" beyond the shape of the design.The wood should be slightly larger than the copy Spray the back of the copy with adhesive spray. Allow to dry about 30 seconds and hand-press the copy to the face surface of the wooden work piece. The work piece is now ready for cutting.

4. Cut out the segments. For most projects, the pattern provides thin cutting lines to follow. Cut either directly on the line or slightly to one side of it. However, take care not to cut too far outside the line as the integrity of the design may be spoiled. Patience and practice are the keys to developing cutting skills. The most difficult types of cuts to make accurately are perfectly straight lines or parallel lines that run close together, a true radius or full circle, and other geometric shapes, such as ovals, triangles and squares. Beginners should use the hold-down and guard.

5. Making quick, sharp/''on-the-spot*1 turns to cut inside corners and acute angles requires practice and a fairly narrow blade. For projects that have inside segments that must be cut out, simply drill a very small hole through the work piece in an inconspicuous place along the pattern line. Thread the blade through the hole in the work piece, reattach it to the saw and begin cutting.

6. Mark the backs of the segments and remove the paper pattern from the fronts.

Cut >/•«" plywood and thinner on a slow-speed saw. If a slow-speed saw is not available, add extra stability to the project by using a waste-backer nailed, glued, or affixed with double-sided tape under the work piece. A waste-backer adds "blade resistance," resulting in better cutting control. The waste-backer also minimizes tear-out and splintering on the bottom of the work piece. Previously used plywood or paneling makes an effective and inexpensive waste-backer material.

When securing a waste-backer under the work piece with nails, drive small brads through the waste areas of both pieces while held over a flat piece of metal. The metal will peen the nails on the bottom side. This technique works well with plywood as thin as '/32,r-thick.

The same techniques can be employed when stack-cutting. Stack-cut-tmg is a good production technique as it involves placing two or more layers, one on top of the other, securing them together so they do not slip or shift, and cutting all layers at once.

All Scroll Saw Projects

Small holt s are drilled to cut our these con-centric rirmlar segments of a fish eye, 7 he hole slots made by the drill can be hidden 1 nth uvod filler and paint.

l.rse a So. 5ground blade for best results when cutting the segments.

Small holt s are drilled to cut our these con-centric rirmlar segments of a fish eye, 7 he hole slots made by the drill can be hidden 1 nth uvod filler and paint.

l.rse a So. 5ground blade for best results when cutting the segments.

Scroll Saw Stack Cutting
Stack-cutting is cutting tuv or more layrrs of materials at the same time. Here, the pieces are tacked together with brads drum through the waste areas while held over a flat piece of metal.

BASIC TOOLS & SUPPLIES

Acrylic paints Adhesive spray: temporary bonding aerosol Blades Brads: small Carving knives Chisels

Colored dyes: transparent

Colored paints: opaque

Copy paper

Cotton cloth

Craft knife

Craft scissors

Dowels

Drill and drill bits Emery boards Files

Flutter wheel: 150 or 180 grit

Finish: natural

Paintbrushes

Paper towels

Pencil

Picture frame hangers: sawtooth Pliers

Plywood: I/«"- to l/V-thick for waste backers Proportion scale Rasps

Rotary tool: high-speed with various accessories Sanders: belt or disk with coarse abrasives, 36 to 50 or 60 grit; drum; orbital Sandpaper Scroll sanders Scroll saw Sponge brushes Square or protractor: small Stains: colored; oil Tack cloth Tape: double-sided Trim router and bits Waxed paper, freezer paper, or plastic wrap Wood-burning tool Wood glue (yellow carpenters glue) or instant/super glues

Decorative

Scroll Saw

Jigsaw Patterns Orca

Ornaments are typically small, fun, easy-to-make projects for gifts or personal use.They also have great market potential for those woodworkers wanting to sell their work in shops and at craft fairs.The patterns provided in this first section are all full size and are the creation of Dirk Boelman, America s leading scroll-saw pattern designer. His designs and artwork regularly grace the pages of Creative Hood Works and Crafts magazine, as well as the magazine s annual special-edition publication, "Wood Ornaments/1

Scrollers are permitted to make any number of projects from this fine selection of ornamental and decorative patterns, as long as they are hand-cut using conventional scroll saws. To obtain the greatest possible use of the patterns, consider enlarging them substantially to create yard art and exterior home decorations, or reduce the same patterns to create interesting miniatures.

Some projects feature decorative "add-ons" such as leather, bright-colored cords, ribbons, beads, feathers, clock and photo inserts, and decorative hardware. Most of these items are readily available at craft and hobby shops, leather-working stores, or by mail order; or use your ingenuity and creativity to substitute!

Material Choices

Solid while acrylic plastic with a blue translucent backer makes a striking ornament. Clear silicon adhesive was Select quality hardwood plywoods when thin stock is specified and where use(j strength is important. Highly detailed fretwork and toys will be more durable if cut from plywood.

All plans and patterns are drawn in U.S. (Imperial) dimensions. Therefore, slight adjustments must be made to the patterns when using materials of metric sizes. (Refer to the Metric Conversion chart on page 187.) This is especially true when you are making three-dimensional projects with halved joints. Baltic birch plywood 6mm in thickness, for example, is close to l/4,r but it is actually slightly thinner.

Use solid hardwoods for making household accessories and all projects that will look better without plywood edges. Consider using plastics, paper, metal, and other materials to obtain visual variety using the same pattern.

Finishes

Scroll Saw Metal

Bright gold aerosol finish gives 1 /x" Baltic birch a brilliant metallic look. (See page 00.)

As a general rule, avoid high-gloss finishes on natural wood and fretwork pieces. On pieces you intend to paint, use acrylics because of their quick-drying quality and easy water cleanup. Consider using the many specialty spray finishes available, including flock, crackle, faux stone, marble, and metallic. Not only is application convenient, but you can easily create dramatic effects. Specialty sprays are available in a variety of finishes

Bright gold aerosol finish gives 1 /x" Baltic birch a brilliant metallic look. (See page 00.)

Water Scrolls Pattern

Preparation for an casy-to-achicvr patuta finish im Ws" plywood. First the project is coated with a clear sealer followed with a coat or two of water-based bronze or cop per liquid metal, as shoun here.

Scroll Sawing Metal

A sponge application of the patina solution provides an un-pattcrned contrast that oxidizes the metallic substrate. This creates a remarkable resemblance to real aged metal. (See the patina-finished projects on pages 17, 50, and 143.)

Cop\ xl mltc

Ornamental Projects

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The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing

The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing

Wood finishing can be tricky and after spending hours on building your project you want to be sure that you get the best outcome possible. In The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing you will learn how to get beautiful, professional results no matter what your project is, even if you have never tried your hand at wood finishing before. You will learn about every step in the wood finishing process from a professional wood finisher with years of experience.

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  • zufan
    How to reduce enlarged proportional scale ruler?
    7 years ago

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