Seat brackets

Joining legs to the seat of a bench can present some problems. There are two things to be concerned with — strength and comfort. But the solutions aren't complicated.

brackets. There's a lot of stress on the legs of a bench. If they're not securely attached to the seat, the whole bench can wobble, or the legs can even snap off. So on this Shaker Bench, I added blocks to increase the strength of the leg joints.

The seat brackets (B) start out as a 1"-thick piece of stock (again I used cherry), see Fig. 18. Then the brackets are cut to finished dimensions. Note: Cut the rectangular blocks so that when they're attached later, the grain will run parallel to the grain on the seat, see photo at right.

angled hoijes. The seat brackets add strength to the leg joints. And angled holes in the blocks allow the legs to be spread out under the seaL This adds stability.

By drilling a steeper angle for the back legs, the seat will tilt slightly to the back.

refer to the Cross Section on page 23. This makes the bench more comfortable to sit on.

Drilling holes at an angle can be almost impossible if the table on your drill press doesn't tilt. But you can get the same result by keeping the table flat and tilting the workpiece, refer to Fig. 19.

For the holes in the seat brackets, I did this by resting the brackets on blocks that were beveled to the desired angle, see Fig. 19a.

roitcoves. After the angled holes have been drilled in the seat brackets, a cove can be routed around the bottom edges. This matches the cove routed earlier on the seat, but I routed these coves on the router table, see Fig. 20.

attach to seat. Now the seat brackets can be screwed to the seat. Note: The

A rectangular block strengthens each leg joint. First, an angled hole is drilled on the drill press. This guides an electric drill that completes the mortise for the leg.

brackets are positioned an equal distance from the centerline of the seat, see Fig. 22, and 3V' from the edges, see Fig. 21.

After the brackets have been glued and screwed to the bottom of the seat, I used the angled holes as a guide for drilling the mortises into the seat, see Fig. 22a.

use COMBINATION SQUARE TO POSmON SEAT BRACKET 5/4" FROM FRONT/BACK EDGE

RACK SEAT BRACKET

FRONT SEAT BRACKET

SEAT BOTTOM

CENTERUNE

CROSS SECTION

FIRST: glue and screw seat brackets to bottom of seat

forstner bit

FIRST: glue and screw seat brackets to bottom of seat forstner bit

CROSS SECTION

SECOND: use holes in brackets as drill guide for completing leg mortises

SECOND: use holes in brackets as drill guide for completing leg mortises

use COMBINATION SQUARE TO POSmON SEAT BRACKET 5/4" FROM FRONT/BACK EDGE

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