Common Hardwoods

Tedswoodworking Plans

16.000 Woodworking Plans and Projects

Get Instant Access

B. White Oak

Uses: Indoor and outdoor furniture, trim, flooring, plywood and veneers Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, wide grain pattern, tan with yellow to cream tints. Quartersawing reveals wide medullary rays. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture. Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Not prone to burning when machined. Drill pilot holes first for nails or screws. Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes like red oak, but narrower pores reduce the need for filling Price: Moderate to expensive

C. Hard maple

Uses: Indoor furniture, trim, flooring, butcher block countertops, instruments, plywoods and veneers Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, wide grain with occasional bird's eye or fiddle-back figure- Blonde heartwood.

Workability: Difficult to machine without carbide blades and bits. Dull blades will leave bums.

Finishing: Takes clear finishes well, but staining may produce blotches Price: Moderate to expensive, depending on figure

D. Cherry

Uses: Indoor furniture, cabinetry, carving, turning, plywood and veneers Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Fine grain pattern with smooth texture. Wood continues to darken as it ages and is exposed to sunlight.

Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades but is more prone to machine burns

Finishing: Takes stains and clear* finishes well

Price: Moderate

E. Walnut

Uses: Indoor furniture, cabinets, musical instruments, clocks, boat-building, carving

Sources: Eastern United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, fine grain. Moderately heavy. Color ranges from dark brown to purple or black

Workability: Cuts and drills easily with sharp tools without burning Finishing: Takes natural finishes beautifully Price: Moderate

A. Red Oak

Uses: Indoor furniture, trim, flooring, plywood and veneei-s Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, wide grain pattern with larger pores. Tan to reddish pink in color. Quartersawing reveals narrow medullary rays. Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Not prone to burning when machined. Drill pilot holes first for nails or screws. Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well, but pores will show through if painted unless they are filled Price: Moderate

F. Birch

Uses: Kitchen utensils, toys, dowels, trim, plywood and veneers Sources: Umted States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight grain with fine texture and tight pores. Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Good bending properties. Drill pilot holes first for nails or screws. Finishing: Takes finishes well, but penetrat ing wood stains may produce blotching

Price: Inexpensive to moderate

G. Hickory

Uses: Sporting equipment, handles for striking tools, furniture, plywood and veneers

Sources: Southeastern United States

Characteristics: Straight to wavy grained with coarse texture. Excellent shock-resistance.

Workability: Bends well, but lumber hardness will dull steel blades and bits quickly. Resists machine burning. Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Inexpensive where regionally available

H. Aspen

Uses: A secondary wood used for drawer boxes, cleats, runners and other hidden structural furniture components. Crafts. Sources: United States and Canada Characteristics: Indistinguishable, tight grain pattern Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Finishing: Better suited for painting than staining. Tight grain provides smooth, paintable surface. Price: Inexpensive

I, White ash

Uses: Furniture, boat oars, baseball bats, handles for striking tools, pool cues, veneers

Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, wide grain pattern with coarse texture. Hard and dense with excellent shock-resistance.

Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Drill pilot holes first for nails or screws. "Green" ash often used for steam bending. Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Inexpensive

J. Poplar

Uses: Secondary wood for furniture and cabinetry, similar to aspen. Carving, veneers and pulp for paper. Sources: United States

Characteristics: Fine-textured with straight, wide grain pattern. Tan to gray or green in color.

Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Not prone to burning when machined. Drill pilot holes first lor nails or screws. Finishing: Belter suited for paint ing than staining. Tight, gram provides smooth, paintable surface. Price: Inexpensive

Was this article helpful?

0 0
The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing

The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing

Wood finishing can be tricky and after spending hours on building your project you want to be sure that you get the best outcome possible. In The Complete Guide To Wood Finishing you will learn how to get beautiful, professional results no matter what your project is, even if you have never tried your hand at wood finishing before. You will learn about every step in the wood finishing process from a professional wood finisher with years of experience.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment