Common Softwoods

White pine

Uses: Indoor furniture, plywood, veneers and trim, construction lumber Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight grain with even texture and tight pores Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits. Not prone to burning when machined. Lower resin content than other pines, so cutting edges stay cleaner longer'.

Finishing: Stains may blotch without using a stain controller first. Takes clear finishes and paints well. Price: Inexpensive

Western red cedar

Uses: Outdoor furniture, exterior millwork, interior and exterior siding Sources: United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight, variable grain pattern with coarse texture. Lower density- and fairly light-weight. Saw- and sanding dust can be a respiratory irritant. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture.

Workability: Soft, composition machines easily but end grain is prone to splintering and tear-out

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well, but oils in wood can bleed through painted finishes unless primer is applied first Price: Inexpensive to moderate where regionally available

Aromatic cedar (Tennessee)

Uses: Naturally-occurring ods seem to repel moths, making this wood a common closet and chest lining. Also used for veneers and outdoor furniture. Sources: Eastern United States and Canada

Characteristics: Straight to wavy grain pattern with fine texture. Red to tan in color with dramatic streaks of yellows and creams. Distinct aroma emitted when machined, and dust can be a respiratory irritant. Workability: Machines similarly to western red cedar Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Inexpensive

Redwood

Uses: Outdoor furniture, decks and fences, siding Source: West coast of United States

Characteristics: Straight, fine grain with few knots or blemishes. Relatively light weight. Reddish brown with cream-colored sapwood. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture. Workability: Machines and sands easily Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well

Price: Moderate to expensive and not widely available in all nominal dimensions

Cypress

Uses: Exterior siding and boat building. Interior and exterior trim, beams, flooring, cabinetry and paneling. Source: Mississippi delta region of the United States Characteristics: Straight, even grain pattern with low resin content. Naturally resistant to deterioration from UV sunlight, insects and moisture. Workability: Machines and sands easily Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Inexpensive where regionally available

Sampling of Exotics

Common Softwoods, Sampling of Exotics 29

A. Padauk

Uses: Indoor furniture, cabinetry, flooring, turning, veneer Source: West Africa

Characteristics: Coarse texture, straight interlocked grain Workability: Machines easily with sharp steel or carbide blades and bits Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Moderate to expensive

B. Zebrawooo

Uses: Turning, inlay, decorative veneers, furniture and cabinetry Source: West Africa

Characteristics: Interlocked, light and dark varigated grain pattern Workability: Somewhat difficult to machine. Use carbide blades and bits Finishing: Can be difficult to stain evenly Price: Expensive

C. Wenge

Uses: Inlay, turning, decorative veneers Source: Equatorial Africa

Characteristics: Haiti, dense straight grain with coarse texture. Heavy. Workability: Dulls steel blades and bits quickly, so carbide cutters are recommended. Drill pilot holes for screws and nails. Finishing: Pores should be filled before finish is applied Price: Moderate

D. Honduras mahogany

Uses: Indoor and outdoor furniture, veneers and trim, boat-building Sources: Central and South America

Characteristics: Straight, interlocked fine grain. Dimensionally stable. Workability: Machines well with carbide blades and bits Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Moderate

E. Purpleheart

Uses: Pool cues, decorative inlay, veneers, indoor and outdoor furniture.

Sources: Central and South America

Characteristics: Straight grain with coarse texture

Workability: Gum deposits in the wood make it difficult to machine;

cutting edges dull quickly

Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well.

Price: Moderate

F. Teak

Uses: Boat-building, indoor and outdoor furniture, veneers, flooring Sources: Southeast Asia, Africa, Caribbean

Characteristics: Straight grain with oily texture. Dense and hard. Workability: High silica content will dull steel blades and bits quickly. Oily surfaces require cleaning with mineral spirits first or glue will not bond. Finishing: Takes oil finishes well Price; Expensive

G. Rosewood

Uses: Inlays, turning, veneers, cabinetry, furniture, musical instruments Sources: Southern India

Characteristics: Interlocked grain with medium to coarse texture Workability: Dense structure dulls cutting edges quickly Finishing: Takes stains and clear finishes well Price: Expensive

Common Softwoods, Sampling of Exotics 29

Boating Secrets Uncovered

Boating Secrets Uncovered

If you're wanting to learn about boating. Then this may be the most important letter you'll ever read! You Are Going To Get An In-Depth Look At One Of The Most Remarkable Boating Guides There Is Available On The Market Today. It doesn't matter if you are just for the first time looking into going boating, this boating guide will get you on the right track to a fun filled experience.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment