How to counterbore and plug for wood screws

IDriii a counterbored pilot hole using a counterboring bit or by drilling a pilot hoie, then counterboring for the screw shank and the screw head, according to the dimensions In the chart above.

2After the screw is driven, apply wood glue to the end of a screw plug. Set the plug into the counterbore hole with a wood mallet For contrast, the grain in the plug should be perpendicular to the worttpiece grain. For concealment, align the patterns.

3After the glue has dried, trim the plug flush with the wood surface using a flush-cutting saw (See photo, above reft). Take care not to mar the surrounding wood surface. Sand the piug smooth.

Tinted or untinted wood putty?

Untinted wood-putty stained with rest of project

Tinted wood putty applied to project after staining

Debate over tire best method to conceal nail and screw heads with wood putty has raged for generations. We've had the best success filling holes with putty tinted to match the finished color of the surrounding wood, rather than applying untinted putty and staining it at the same time as the rest of the project.

Steel Wool Types and Uses



Suggested uses



Remove old paint and varnish


Med. coarse

Clean rough metal, concrete or brick. Clean garden tools, remove paint from molding



Clean resilient floors, copper pipe and fittings


Med. fine

Clean grills, pots, pans. Remove rust from metal tools (use oil)



Buff painted finish. Clean screens and frames. Remove old finish from antiques


Very fine

Polish aluminum, copper, brass and zinc. Remove minor burns from wood and leather


Super fine

Buff woodwork, shellac and varnish. Smooth clear finishes. Clean delicate tools


Super fine

Buff woodwork, shellac and varnish. Smooth clear finishes. Clean delicate tools

STEEL WOOL AND ABRASIVE PADS (synthetic steel wool) have many uses in the shop, from general cleanup to buffing to stripping old finishes.

Stippling Rust


(Chinese) bristle brush

Disposable foam brush

Stenciling (stippling) brush

Painting pad

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