on the stone and face forward at a 45° angle to the stone. I lold the gouge handle with your right hand and place the shoulder of the bevel on the stone. Put two or three fingers of your left hand on the gouge near the cutting edge and gradually lift the handle with your right hand until the cutting edge touches the stone. (See photo, above.) This way you have less chance of dam-
aging the cutting edge.
The idea when sharpening is to keep the bevel straight from the shoulder to the cutting edge, not rounded over or hollowed out. Once you've found the bevel angle, lock your arms in this position to maintain the angle.
Now with your right wrist, roll the gouge evenly from comer to corner as you press the bevel to the stone with the fingers of your left hand. Move the gouge over the stone in a figure eight pattern while pressing and rolling it. (See Fig. 1.)
To keep the corners of the gouge from digging into the stone, always sharpen so the corners are trailing away from the direction the gouge is moving. (See Fig 1.) As you push the gouge away from you. the left corner is trailing, and as you pull the gouge toward you, the right corner is toiling.
Hard Arkansas bench stones arc expensive. If you do not have a bench finishing stone, you can finish the bevel on a slip stone. Rub the bevel on the fiat part of the slip stone, moving the stone up and down with one hand while rotating the gouge with the other. (See photo, above.) This combined motion is like patting your head and rubbing your stomach at the same time, but with a little practice it becomes quite natural.
The sharpening process for gouges is much like that for plane and chisel blades: First you create a burr on the edge, then you take it off with the finishing stone. With the gouge, the inside face is curved so vou have to
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