Zestful Turnings

start with a dash of scrap cherry and maple, stir well on your lathe and trim off the excess to produce this classic salt and pepper set.

By Craig Lossing

Like recipes, turning projects have an organic quality to them. Most are best presented as ideas so each turner can make changes to suit a project to his or her own tastes. Our salt and pepper set is a good example. If you enjoy contemporary tableware, these shapes will blend right in with that look. You can follow the Full-size Drawings on page 40 to make exact duplicates, or take off with your own ideas to create a unique style.

The construction of the salt shaker includes a useful ring joint that you may want to try out on other sectional designs like candlestick holders, vases or vessels that are made with separate pieces of wood.

Making the Pepper Mill

The first thing you should take care of before starting this project is purchasing the salt and pepper mechanisms, available from Rockier and other turning supply sources. Having the hardware in hand when you begin cutting will save you from possible mistakes.

Cut your pepper mill wood blanks slightly oversize, and begin working on the cherry top first. Drill a 3/4"-diameter by 1/4''-deep hole in one end of the cherry block, then mount it on the lathe with the hole facing the tail stock. Turn the block into a cylinder with a roughing gouge, then use a parting tool to form the neck. Continue with the gouge to round over the top, and smooth the surface with a skew. Increase your lathe speed to sand the cherry to 220-grit, then dismount the top and drill a 1/4"-diameter hole through the wood.

Now put the maple between centers on the lathe and turn it to shape with the roughing gouge. Again, use a skew and sandpaper to refine the surface.

Part off the maple piece from the lathe and drill three holes into the mill: First, a 1 ^"-diameter by l/2"-deep hole in the bottom of the piece, then a lW-diameter by 3/8T,-deep hole in the top end. Use the indents from the lathe drives to find the drilling centers for these two holes. The third hole is 1" in diameter and passes from the top end all the way to the bottom. To get greater

Essential spindle-turning tools

This salt and pepper set is a great opportunity to practice your spindle-turning skills. Turning a spindle isn't difficult, and it requires only four different lathe tools. Here's woodturning expert Betty Scarpino's advice about each one.

Roughing Gouges are heavy-duty tools, manufactured to withstand the impact involved with the four rotating corners of square stock. If you've never used one, you're missing out on a splendid way to go from square to round. Simply hold the gouge on the toolrest and advance the cutting edge into the wood near the end of the stock, cutting gradually toward that end. Reduce the diameter of the wood until you achieve the desired dimension.

Spindle Gouges work great when they're sharpened with a long, steep bevel and a more pointed end in comparison to a bowl gouge. This type of edge profile allows for a clean cut and also enables you to get into tight areas between elements of the turned object. But, I'll confess that I sometimes get lazy and use a bowl gouge when 1 ought to use a spindle gouge. It's perfectly safe, but the bevel on a bowl gouge is at a shorter angle, which makes for a less grabby cut.

Skew Chisels: If what you are making requires an abrupt division between square stock and round stock, here's where a skew chisel is a necessity. Use either the heel or the toe of

Parting Tool — Roughing Gouge Spindle Gouge Skew Chisel the skew to cut into the square stock. Arch the tool into the wood and begin with light, small cuts. When using the skew chisel, remember that there are potentially four cutting edges and four bevels. When you are using one edge, stay away from the other three or you'll surely catch the wood!

Parting Tools are actually not for parting the wood off the lathe but for parting through the wood to mark a specific diameter. They are often used in conjunction with calipers, preset to measure a correct diameter. Parting tools are straightforward to use. Simply arch them into the wood and push gently. They do the cutting work almost automatically

-Size Drawings

When you're ready to drill the cores, a wooden handscrew clamp will help keep the mill from spinning during drilling as well as align the workplece for an accurate through hole.

Take the shaker back to the drill press to bore the holes, making sure to use the handscrew clamp again to control the turning. Drill a l"-diameter hole 1/2" deep in the bottom of the shaker, then turn the piece over and drill a 3/4"-diaraeter hole through the full length of the body.

Finishing Up

Dismantle the pepper mill to give it and the salt shaker a final burnishing with fine steel wool. Apply three coats of tung oil to the outside of the set to really bring out the curly pattern in the k maple. Let the finish dry for two

V days before reassembling the j__mechanism in the pepper mill and adding the top to the salt shaker. Once this is done, pour in your salt and yotir peppercorns, and cap off the openings. Your salt and pepper set is now ready for your next culinary project. Bon appetit! @

control and accuracy while drilling this hole, clamp a wooden handscrew to the mill (see right photo).

Once these holes are drilled, insert the grinding mechanism in the mill, drill pilot holes for the screws and secure the retaining plates. The top should turn freely when you loosen the nut, which, by the way, also allows the peppercorns to slip into the teeth of the geai*s so they can be ground.

Turning the Salt Shaker

Mount your curly maple salt shaker blank into the lathe and rough it with a gouge into a 2" cylinder. Next, make the ring joint by turning one end of the cylinder down to a lk;" diameter with a parting tool. Take your cherry block over to the drill press and drill a Y/i" hole through it. Remove the maple from the lathe and use yellow glue to secure its ringed end inside the cherry block.

Once the glue dries, remount the shaker on the lathe and turn it to final shape. Sand the piece to 220-grit, then part off the top end.

-Size Drawings

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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Responses

  • nina
    What size wood turning skew for a beginner?
    2 years ago

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