Basic cuts

The basic direct entry cuts made with the SFG are similar to those made with the DFG: line the bevel up in the direction of cut. then feed the edge into the wood. Set the lathe speed to 2.000rpm. Mount a piece ol softwood. 2'/>in (63mm) square - equivalent to 3/iin (89mm) dia - and lOin (254mm) long, between centres (or

Top '/;in (12mm) shallow-fluted gouge with 15ln (381mm) long handle.

Shallow-fluted gouge: characteristics

Roynd HSS stock. V&n {12mm) in diameter

Root tnckniss - not tcxa thick. !cr a long bevel

30" bawl anglo

46" prohla nngio

15" secondary bevel

Shallow «lute - less pronounced than a tetricircl«

30" bawl anglo

46" prohla nngio

15" secondary bevel

Shallow «lute - less pronounced than a tetricircl«

Root tnckniss - not tcxa thick. !cr a long bevel

Front view -fingernail grind

?DMi

Cutting square ends. Cutting chamfers.
Parting. Making tenons.
Cutting coves. Hollowing end grain.

Power grip and thumbs up.

Squaring the end of a spindle.

a shorter piece can be held in a chuck). Set the tool rest to 3/ft-'/>in (9-12mm) below centre height, '¿in (12mm) away from the wood. Draw a series of lines on the wood for the particular cut.

Making a basic cut

1 Place the tool on the rest with the tip of the cutting edge vertical (flute closed). Line up the bevel with the direction of cut and point the centre of the flute towards the axis of the lathe.

2 Stand behind the tool in a dynamic stance. Hold the handle in the power grip and hold the stock in the thumbs-up grip. Point the tip to the lathe axis, (i)

3 Slowly but firmly push the cutting edge into the wood with the thumb of the support hand. Once the cut has been established, twist the gouge about 10" (open the flute). If the cut goes into a corner, then the tool should be returned to the closed attitude at the end of the cut, to obtain a sharp corner.

For the following cuts, the procedure is the same, but with these additions.

Square cuts

1 Draw on lines no more than '/sin (3mm) apart.

Power grip and thumbs up.

Squaring the end of a spindle.

Squaring ends

Squaring ends

Making a chamfer

Chamfers

1 Draw on lines no more than Vein (3mm) apart at one end of the wood.

2 Line up the bevel at the chamfer angle of 45". in line with the first mark, (i)

Vees

1 Vee cuts are made up of a series of chamfer cuts on alternate sides. Draw three lines '/«in (6mm) apart to locate the vee. Add intermediate lines '/«in (3mm) apart.

2 Line up the bevel with the first mark on one side of the vee. at 60* to the lathe axis. Make a fine cut almost to the centre line (the handle will be just about square to the axis), (ii)

Making a chamfer.

3 Twist the tool 180' and line up the bevel with the first mark on the opposite side of the vee. Make a second fine cut to the centre line. Repeat the procedure with a series of fine cuts until the width has been reached. The last cut is a short one lo clean up the corner.

Turning a vee.
Turning on inset bead

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